[Deathpenalty] death penalty news-----TEXAS
rhalperi at mail.smu.edu
Fri Oct 5 11:27:54 CDT 2007
Judges were prepared to ponder execution appeal----But last week's
decision by their colleague stymied the bid for a stay
Texas Court of Criminal Appeals judges were ready to work late the evening
Michael Richard was executed, expecting an 11th-hour appeal that
unbeknownst to them Presiding Judge Sharon Keller refused to allow to be
filed after 5 p.m.
That's according to interviews with two judges, one of whom stayed until 7
p.m. on Sept. 25 and one who left early but was available and said others
stayed. They expected Richard's lawyers to file an appeal based on the
U.S. Supreme Court's decision earlier in the day to consider a Kentucky
case challenging the constitutionality of lethal injection.
"There were plenty of judges here, and there were plenty of other
personnel here," said Judge Cathy Cochran, who had to go home early that
day but was available. "A number of judges stayed very late that evening,
waiting for a filing from the defense attorney."
Cochran said at the least, a decision should have been made by the full
court on whether to accept the appeal: "I would definitely accept anything
at any time from someone who was about to be executed."
Judge Paul Womack said, "All I can tell you is that night I stayed at the
court until 7 o'clock in case some late filing came in. I was under the
impression we might get something. ... It was reasonable to expect an
effort would be made with some haste in light of the Supreme Court"
action. He added, "It was an important issue. I wanted to be sure to be
available in case it was raised."
Keller didn't consult the other judges about taking the appeal after 5
p.m. and said she didn't think she could have reached them. She said,
however, that Judge Cheryl Johnson, who was assigned the case, was at the
court. Johnson didn't return a telephone call.
Keller voiced no second thoughts more than a week after her decision.
"You're asking me whether something different would have happened if we
had stayed open," Keller said, "and I think the question ought to be why
didn't they file something on time? They had all day."
David Dow, an attorney in the case who runs the Texas Innocence Network at
the University of Houston Law Center, called her statement "outrageous,"
noting that lawyers had to decide legal strategy and then craft a filing
about why the case before the U.S. Supreme Court applied to Richard's
The reason behind the request for the delay was a severe computer problem,
Dow said. He said he told the court clerk about the problem. Keller said
the lawyers didn't give a reason.
Dow also said the court will not accept a filing by e-mail. If it did, he
said, lawyers could have met the 5 p.m. deadline once they beat their
computer problem, because printing the filing took extra time. The lawyers
needed about another 20 minutes.
Jim Harrington, director of the Texas Civil Rights Project, said he was
thinking about filing a complaint with the Texas State Commission on
Judicial Conduct about Keller.
"When I saw that, I think I would just describe my reaction as 'stunningly
unconscionable,' " Harrington said of her refusal. "There has to be some
kind of accountability for this."
Seana Willing, executive director of the Texas commission, said she isn't
sure Keller could be sanctioned, were a complaint to be filed, because she
isn't aware of anything in the Code of Judicial Conduct that would cover
her decision to close the clerk's office while a death penalty case was
pending. She indicated she looked through the code after learning of the
dispute but could find "nothing specific" dealing with it.
Keller, who was re-elected last year to a 6-year term, and Cochran also
said they couldn't think of a provision that Keller's action would
violate. Judge Mike Keasler, noting he teaches judicial ethics, said he
knows of no violation related to such an administrative action by the
court's presiding judge.
Harrington said, "I think you'd take the totality of it and have to make
some sort of argument this was a gross miscarriage of justice."
Lawyers said that without a ruling by the Texas Court of Criminal Appeals
on Richard's appeal, the U.S. Supreme Court couldn't consider it. The U.S.
Supreme Court stayed another man's execution the same week, after his
appeal was denied by the Court of Criminal Appeals.
Austin defense lawyer Keith Hampton had no opinion on the possibility of a
complaint regarding Keller's handling of Richard's case but he was blunt
about her action, saying it's like a police chief insisting his department
close at 5 p.m.
Keasler said he didn't want to pass judgment on Keller before talking to
her, noting that she said she didn't know about the lawyers' computer
"You can imagine the last-minute appeals if everybody said, 'I'll get
there in a little bit, just hold it up for me.' You'd be holding up until
doomsday," Keasler said.
(source: Houston Chronicle)
Death-row inmate executed because court "closes at 5"
A Texas death-row inmate was shockingly executed after a US court refused
to stay open an extra 20 minutes to hear an appeal of the inmate.
At 10am on September 25, the US Supreme Court announced it would review in
early 2008 an appeal by two Kentucky death row inmates challenging the
legality of the lethal injection, The Courier Mail reported.
The same day, Michael Richard, 48, was due to receive the deadly cocktail
at 6pm in southern Texas for the rape and murder of a woman in 1986.
His lawyers said they rushed to draft an appeal to the Texas Court of
Criminal Appeals, the state's highest court for criminal cases.
At 4.50pm, the attorneys called the court to ask it to remain open 20 more
minutes after they were stalled by a computer malfunction.
"We close at 5,'' was the response from the court clerk, a quote widely
reported by newspapers in the US.
In a last-ditch effort, Richard's lawyers took their case to the Supreme
Court, which remains open for executions.
The legal move delayed the execution by a few hours, but since the inmate
did not file his appeal with a local court first, his arguments were not
accepted by the Supreme Court in Washington.
The execution went ahead that evening and Richard was declared dead at
8.23pm. No other death row inmate has been executed since then.
The court's shocking behaviour angered a leading Texas daily newspaper,
the Dallas Morning News, which expressed outrage in an editorial entitled
"We Closed at 5".
"Hastening the death of a man, even a bad one, because office personnel
couldn't be bothered to bend bureaucratic procedure was a breathtakingly
petty act and evinced a relish for death that makes the blood of decent
people run cold,'' the newspaper reported.
On Tuesday, the Texas Court of Criminal Appeals granted a stay of
execution to convicted murderer Heliberto Chi, 28, a sign that it might
step back while the US Supreme Court weighs the constitutionality of
So far this year, 40 of the 41 people executed in the United States have
been killed by lethal injection, with one choosing the electric chair.
Most of the executions have taken place in Texas, which has put to death
more than 400 people since the reinstatement of the death penalty in the
country in 1976.
Internet blogs around the world blasted the "unbelievable" happenings of
"I don't want to defend this man, but when a country executes a convited
person, it must be done in a truly democratic and smooth way" commented a
"It's unbelievable. The man might have done something wrong but for the
courts to be so insensible as to put a man down because they don't want to
work a few extra minutes is beyond belief" another commented.
(source: Malta Star)
Hindman Indicted for Convenience Store Murder
A man has been indicted after being accused of an Amarillo murder.
Police say 20 year old Dewayne Paul Hindman entered the B & B Convenience
Store off of 10th street and stabbed the 63 year old clerk, Hung Rowlett
Police say the April attack was probably an attempted robbery that turned
Hindman faces the death penalty or life without parole if found guilty.
(source: KFDA News) ****************************
Davis faces death penalty for murder
An Austin man faces death or life in prison with no parole in the death of
his ex-girlfriend's mom.
After four hours of deliberation, a Travis county jury found 25-year-old
Selwyn Davis guilty of capital murder Thursday.
Davis is convicted of stabbing 57-year-old Regina Lara to death last
August. This was part of what police called a crime spree where they say
he beat his then-girlfriend to the point where she had to be hospitalized,
raped a girl inside Lara's home and stole Lara's checkbook.
Sentencing is scheduled to begin Monday morning. It is expected to last
(source: News 8 Austin)
Selwyn Davis found guilty of capital murder
'Guilty of capital murder' -- those are the words 25-year-old Selwyn Davis
heard Thursday afternoon.
A 12-person jury found him guilty of murdering 57-year-old Regina Lara,
who was his girlfriend's mother.
That means he killed Regina Lara while at the same time committing
burglary. The jurors believed he broke into Lara's house before killing
her-- and because of those two felonies occurring at the same time, Davis
faces the death penalty.
Selwyn Davis stood with his two attorneys as the verdict was read aloud by
As he has through most of his trial, Davis stayed expressionless. CBS 42
News has confirmed Davis is on some type of medication -- which could be
part of the reason he has been so calm and not showing any visible
Members of Regina Lara's family were in the audience, they cried tears of
relief, saying all along they have wanted justice for their mother. Lara
had reportedly disapproved of her daughter's relationship with Davis.
Now, the defense will try and spare Davis from the death chamber. Davis'
family says they are hoping for that too.
"I respect the jury's decision," said defense counsel Steve Brittain. "Of
course we are disappointed. We have many things to bring forward for a
sentence of life without parole rather than the death penalty."
"To the victim's family, we are very sorry and very sympathetic to them,"
said Davis' aunt, Latreese Cook. "It's a tremendous loss. We are sorry for
them and sorry Selwyn couldn't see his way out of that relationship."
The punishment phase of the trial begins Monday morning.
The state will try and show Davis to be a future danger to society and
will argue he should be put to death.
While the defense will try to show he was the victim of bad choices, bad
circumstances, as well as a troubled childhood -- and should be spared.
(source: KEYE TV News)
Brothers charged in Beaumont slayings
2 Beaumont brothers are being held in connection to the July slayings of 2
Officers arrested Juan Carlos Lopez, 21, and Paul Edward Lopez, 23, late
Wednesday night for their alleged involvement in the double homicides of
Tamera Jonique Antoine, 27, and Jarrah Yvette Davis, 20, in July.
Antoine and Davis were found dead inside a first-floor unit of the
Cardinal Square Apartments in the 1200 block of Saxe Street in Beaumont on
July 17. Both women had been shot to death.
According to the Beaumont Police Department, during the course of
questioning Wednesday night, the Lopez brothers implicated the other in
Detectives said Thursday that Juan Lopez and Tamera Antoine were longtime
acquaintances. On the night of the homicide, BPD said Juan Lopez, his
brother Paul and another unidentified man planned to rob Antoine.
The suspects, according to officers, believed Antoine had money stashed
inside the apartment. The 3 suspects are accused of robbing Antoine and
Davis before killing the 2 women.
Originally BPD identified Clarence Allen, 28, who was wanted in July on
parole violations, as a "person of interest" in the case. He has since
been cleared in connection to the crime.
Both Juan and Paul Lopez were charged Wednesday night with Capital Murder
and booked in the Jefferson County Jail. The brothers are being held on 2
$500,000 bonds each for the two Capital Murder charges.
Officers believe the third suspect in the crime has already fled the area.
BPD is currently working to locate the suspect.
If convicted of Capital Murder, both men could face up to life in prison
and are eligible to receive the death penalty.
(source : Beaumont Enterprise)
Activists allege racism linked to death penalty
When biology senior Randi Jones tables against the death penalty on the
West Mall, she asks students what they think about racism. Many say they
think racism is part of human nature, but Jones disagrees.
"Racism hasn't always existed, so it is something that can be overcome,"
Jones, an activist in the Campaign to End the Death Penalty, spoke at the
International Socialist Organization meeting Thursday, drawing connections
between racism and the U.S. criminal justice system.
"There are 2.2 million people in jail in the U.S. without bail. The U.S.
makes up 5 % of the world population, but has 25 percent of the world's
prisoners," Jones said.
In May, the socialist organization and other activists started scheduling
events and campaigning to free Kenneth Foster Jr., a prisoner formerly on
death row under the law of parties. The law sentences the death penalty to
accomplices in murder cases, not for committing a murder. The Texas Board
of Pardons and Paroles voted at the end of August to commute Foster's
sentence to life in prison.
Protesters have also been calling for the release of the Jena Six, a group
of black males accused of beating a white schoolmate outside of a high
school in Jena, La.
"We had Kenneth Foster freed from death row. What we want to talk about is
what is the next step," said Matthew Beamesderfer, organization member and
history sophomore. "We want to draw some links between Kenneth Foster and
the criminal justice system and what's going on with the Jena Six right
now. Kenneth Foster is not the only one to go through this. It happens all
Jones asked why racism exists in society and who benefits from it.
Racism and capitalism have been intertwined since the beginning of
capitalism, Jones said, leading her to believe the only way to eliminate
racism is to eliminate capitalism.
The Campaign and the organization are working on freeing Rodney Reed, a
black man accused of rape and murder in Bastrop, Texas.
Texas has put to death nearly 400 people since the 1980s, Jones said. The
state with the second-highest number of executions is Virginia with fewer
than 100, she said.
[my note---Texas has executed 405 people since 1982]
"Kenneth Foster's freedom did not stop the death penalty or change the
criminal justice system, but it did show us what we can do if we are
united," Jones said. "We can free Jena Six, and we can smash the entire
criminal justice system if we are united."
(source: The Daily Texan)
DNA tests point to sex offender as actual 1993 rapist----Convicted in 2
earlier attacks, he lived just blocks from the man who paid for the crime
As Ronald Taylor sat in prison for a rape he didn't commit, the man likely
responsible for the crime was convicted of an assault and failed to
register as a sex offender, adding to a rap sheet already filled with
Roosevelt Carroll, who had already raped two women when police began
investigating a third attack in May 1993, lived less than a mile from
Taylor. Police focused on Taylor. He was convicted and sentenced to 60
years in prison.
They had the wrong man.
Harris County District Attorney Chuck Rosenthal announced Wednesday that
DNA tests performed this summer exonerate Taylor and point to Carroll as
the 1993 rapist.
"It is awful that he (Carroll) committed other crimes and that this has
created more problems for the citizens of Harris County," Rosenthal said
The DNA tests performed at the request of the Innocence Project, a New
York-based legal clinic, further discredit the work of the troubled
Houston Police Department crime lab on the case.
Prosecutors are now working to secure the 47-year-old Taylor's release,
which could come after a hearing before state District Judge Denise
Collins scheduled for Oct. 12. They are not, however, working to prosecute
Carroll, who is serving 15 years for failing to register as a sex offender
in 2004. The 5-year time frame in which charges could have been filed in
the 1993 case has passed.
Carroll, 43, is projected to be released in 2010, according to Texas
Department of Criminal Justice records, but could be held until 2019 a
possibility Rosenthal would like to ensure.
"We will get a letter filed in the hopes that he stays in prison as long
as possible," Rosenthal said.
Carroll's criminal history dates to his youth. He was accused of sexual
assault as early as elementary school, according to a statement from his
mother in his juvenile probation file.
His 1st rape conviction stemmed from a 1980 attack when he was just 16.
The victim told police that Carroll broke into her apartment while she was
sleeping and attacked her. Carroll pleaded guilty and received a 10-year
As an adult, Carroll held various jobs, according to court records,
including working for a moving company. For a short time, he attended a
vocational and technical school.
In 1987, when he was 23, Carroll raped a neighbor, court records show. The
woman told police she was asleep in bed with her 6- and 10-year-old
children when Carroll broke in through her living room window, held a
screwdriver to her throat and attacked her. A jury found him guilty and
sentenced him to 15 years in prison.
Lack of physical evidence
Both of the earlier attacks are similar to the May 1993 rape for which
Taylor was wrongfully convicted.
In that case a 38-year-old woman, asleep in her Third Ward home, was
awakened by a knife at her throat, according to court records. A man, who
had broken in while she was asleep, raped her and she caught a glimpse of
his face as he fled.
Police assembled a video lineup including Taylor, who had been placed in
the lineup because a neighbor told police that Taylor had been in the area
on the night of the assault.
The woman picked Taylor as her attacker.
Her identification was the crux of the case against Taylor, which lacked
physical evidence because a serologist from the HPD crime lab had
concluded that a bed sheet from the crime scene did not contain semen and
could not be analyzed for DNA.
A private lab discredited HPD's conclusions this summer when it
re-examined evidence from the case. ReliaGene Technologies identified
semen on the sheet that yielded the DNA profile of Carroll not Taylor.
2 others exonerated
The HPD crime lab has been under scrutiny since 2002, when news reports
and an audit exposed poorly trained personnel and inaccurate work in the
DNA division. 2 other men, Josiah Sutton and George Rodriguez, were
released from prison after new DNA tests discredited HPD's analyses.
Assuming that Taylor receives a pardon based on actual innocence, he could
receive upward of $600,000 $50,000 for each year of incarceration from
The faulty evidence in Taylor's case came from the crime lab's serology
division, which types body fluids in a precursor to DNA testing. That
division has been described as among the worst at the scandal-plagued lab.
Independent investigators who studied the crime lab over 26 months ending
in June identified at least 180 cases in which HPD serology work had
Although Taylor's case was not among the 180, his lawyers believe it
should demonstrate the urgency of creating an independent panel to review
"What more do we need to know before we develop an expeditious way to
examine these cases?" said Barry Scheck, a founder of the Innocence
Mayor Bill White has said no independent entity is needed to review the
serology cases and on Thursday he reiterated that position.
"There are many ways within the system for someone who has been convicted
to seek redress and it is done all the time," White said. "The district
attorney and the judges are in the best position to determine how to move
forward (with the serology cases.)"
(source: Houston Chronicle)
Texas Bar Shows Muscle in YouTube First----State Bar makes an original
move launching 'Lone Star' contest on popular online video site
On Sept. 28, State Bar President Gib Walton launched the Bar's YouTube
contest, "Lone Star Stories: Texans on Justice," and invited Texans of all
ages as well as lawyers licensed in Texas to submit 3-minute-or-less
original videos that illustrate their vision of the promise of justice for
The contest offers entrants a chance to win $2,500 in each of two
categories. Those in the younger-than-18 category are competing for a
$2,500 scholarship. The State Bar will award a $2,500 cash prize to the
winning contestant in the 18-and-older category.
"We are the 1st bar association in the United States -- in the world -- to
have a YouTube contest," says Walton, a partner in Houston's Vinson &
Debbie Weixl, a spokeswoman for the American Bar Association, says that as
far as the ABA knows, the State Bar of Texas is the first bar association
to sponsor a contest on YouTube, a video-sharing Web site. "New media, new
ways to do things -- that's all I can say," Weixl says.
Walton says the State Bar plans to share the idea for the YouTube contest
with the ABA. "I believe every bar association is going to want to do one
of these," he says.
Walton says that through various social-media Web sites, such as YouTube,
ordinary people with persuasive messages have gained massive audiences.
"And it's all for free," Walton says, noting that people forward links to
their favorite YouTube videos to friends and family.
"I see this as a new venue for the citizens of Texas to express their
opinions on the justice system in Texas and to do it in a fun
environment," he says.
The move to put the State Bar contest on YouTube came as a surprise to at
least one member of the Bar's board of directors. "I was just thrown
backward when I heard this was being done," says J. Goodwille Pierre, a
Houston solo and the manager of small business development and contract
compliance for the Houston Airport System.
Pierre says he's familiar with YouTube and has visited the Web site to
check out the latest musical recordings that his daughter wants to buy.
Having the Bar hold a contest on YouTube is a good idea, says Pierre.
"It's just cool."
The State Bar of Texas won't be the first to have a video on YouTube. A
television advertisement produced for the Pennsylvania Bar Association to
emphasize the good that lawyers accomplish appears on the Web site. But
PBA spokesman Jeff Gingerich says the bar association didn't place the
video on YouTube. The company that made the TV advertisement placed it on
the Web site, Gingerich says. "We don't maintain anything there on our
own," he says.
Walton says Crane MetaMarketing of Roswell, Ga., the State Bar's
consultant on justice issues, suggested the idea for the YouTube contest.
"I jumped on it," he says.
The contest is part of the "Let's Do Justice for Texas" public education
initiative that Walton announced after he was sworn in as the Bar's
president in June. This is another way of getting the citizens of Texas to
understand the value of the justice system and the role they play in it,
Walton says of the contest.
John Sirman, a spokesman for the State Bar, says the Bar created a Texans
on Justice group on YouTube for the contest. Rules and the entry form are
posted online. Entrants also must have an account on YouTube.com to upload
a video, Sirman says.
Sirman says anyone can upload a video on YouTube. But when someone uploads
a video for the State Bar contest, it will not go live. The State Bar will
review each video for content before putting it on the site, he says.
"We exclusively decide whether the contestant meets our rules," Walton
says, adding that all videos for the contest must be "family friendly" and
contain no profanity.
Sirman says the Bar will inform teachers around the state about the
contest to encourage more video entries from students.
Contestants can submit videos between Oct. 15 and Dec. 15. The State Bar
will award the prizes to the winners in each category during the Bar
board's Jan. 25, 2008, meeting in Grapevine. Sirman says the Bar has not
yet selected the judges for the contest.
Walton says he is anxious for the videos to start coming in. "We know
Texans have opinions," Walton says. "I'm looking forward to what Texans
have to say."
(source: Texas Lawyer)
Senate confirms Harris County judge for appeals court
The Senate has confirmed Harris County state District Judge Jennifer
Walker Elrod to the U.S. 5th Circuit Court of Appeals.
"Jennifer Elrod is an outstanding jurist and will be an excellent addition
to the 5th Circuit Court," U.S. Sen. Kay Bailey Hutchison, R-Texas, said
in a news release announcing the confirmation. "I am pleased that the
Senate recognized her keen intellect and distinguished record of service,
and confirmed her to this position in a timely manner."
President Bush nominated Elrod to the New Orleans-based federal appeals
court in March to replace Patrick Higginbotham. He took senior status,
which is a form of retirement.
The Senate confirmed the judge by a voice vote late Thursday.
"This is a good day," said Elrod, 41. "It's been an honor to serve the
people of Texas for the past 5 years and I look forward to serving our
country on the appellate bench."
State District Judge Mark Davidson, administrative judge for district
courts in Harris County, said Elrod brings a practical, yet intellectual
approach to complex issues.
"As a judicial colleague she is a person whose opinion I often sought on
thorny questions of law," Davidson said.
During the debate on her confirmation, Sen. John Cornyn, R-Texas, said:
"As Judge Elrod's career makes clear, she is well qualified for a seat on
the federal appellate bench."
Sen. Benjamin Cardin, D-Md., however, complained on the Senate floor
Thursday night that Elrod has no federal judicial experience, that she has
no criminal experience, and that she has no track record of legal opinions
that could be examined to assess how faithfully she'd interpret the
Elrod has presided in the 190th State District Civil Court since 2002,
when Gov. Rick Perry appointed her to the vacant bench after she won the
She was elected to a full term that year and was re-elected in November.
Before becoming a judge, she worked at the Baker Botts law firm for about
8 years. She previously worked for 2 years as a clerk for U.S. District
Judge Sim Lake.
As a lawyer, Elrod did a lot of work pro bono for people who couldn't
afford legal help, said John Anaipakos, her friend and former colleague at
Anaipakos said Elrod has a great deal of integrity and a sharp legal mind.
"In a lot of ways she is unassuming," he said, "and very down to earth.
She is somebody who speaks to anyone and always has a kind word to say."
She was born in Port Arthur and grew up in Baytown. She is married and the
mother of 2 young children.
Davidson said Perry will have a chance to appoint a judge to complete the
remainder of Elrod's four-year term once she accepts her new post and
resigns from the state bench. But the governor is not required to appoint
anyone, he said.
Until a new judge is either appointed or elected, Davidson said, the other
24 state district civil judges will help handle Elrod's cases.
Elrod earned a bachelor's degree in economics from Baylor University in
1988 and a law degree from Harvard Law School in 1992.
(source: Houston Chronicle)
Irish doctors publish death row study----2 Irish doctors have had a study
on the psychological condition of death row inmates in the US published in
the American Journal of Forensic Psychiatry.
The study The Psychological Concomitants of Capital Punishment: Thematic
Analysis of Last Statements from Death Row written by Drs Sharon Foley
and Brendan Kelly, showed that the last statements of prisoners on death
row most often demonstrate themes of spirituality, regret and love.
The psychological factors most evident are identification-egression
(associated with non-sexual offending, admitting to offence and expressing
love), unbearable psychological pain (associated with younger age at
offence and a shorter period on death row) and rejection-aggression
(associated with sexual offending, spiritual references, anger and absence
The study was based on the last statements made by death row prisoners
executed in Texas between April 2002 and November 2006 published on the
website of the Texas Department of Criminal Justice.
During the 55-month period studied, 116 prisoners were executed of whom
100 made last statements.
The analysis of the psychological constructs was conducted using a tool
adapted from the Thematic Guide for Suicide Prevention (TGSP) a tool
developed for the analysis of suicide notes and used to study intrapsychic
and interpersonal domains evident in such communications.
Dr Brendan Kelly told Irish Medical Times that the fact that the last
statements of death row prisoners was available in full in the internet
was "astonishing" and allowed for a comparison with suicide notes.
"Our interest in this was the thoughts that people have immediately prior
to death a difficult area to study because, obviously, there are very few
"Clearly the situations are completely different but the question is: Were
there any psychological overlaps between these groups when facing death?
Ultimately at the final moments, the themes are quite similar, despite
Dr Kelly said that there might be differences psychologically between
capital punishment and suicide cases and someone about to die from a
"The other point is the high level of mental illness on death row and the
high level of mental illness among suicides it's a difficult and
sensitive question the psychological concerns at the end of life."
Many prisoners referred to God, love and spirituality but many others used
identification-egression techniques to distance themselves from their
crimes and victims.
"There was remarkably little apology to victims the apologies tended to
be towards the prisoners own families for the distress they had caused
them," Dr Kelly said.
(source: Irish Medical Times)
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